Centered on Egyptian records dating on the fourteen th millennium B

Centered on Egyptian records dating on the fourteen th millennium B

A keen Arabian Tribe

The latest Midianites had been good Proto-Arabian tribe; their house ft was at Arabia and therefore are related to Ishmaelites. The ebook away from Judges states it clearly regarding the tale away from Gideon, who makes the after the request of your Israelites immediately following beating the latest Midianites:

We see proof the partnership anywhere between Midianites and you will Ishmaelites because well regarding names. Such as, Moses dad-in-legislation Jethro otherwise Jether (Exod cuatro:17) provides the exact same identity since the Davids sis-in-legislation (husband of Davids aunt Abigail), Jether this new Ishmaelite (step one Chron dos:17).

The fresh new Spice Trading

During the Metal Age and you can after, the brand new Midianites, as the a keen Arabian group, were a portion of the spruce trading. They would take a trip out of Arabia and you will transit Israel to their treatment for the fresh new Mediterranean coastline and/otherwise Egypt. This is exactly reflected on biblical tale away from Joseph, hence makes reference to Midianite and Ishmaelite investors maneuvering to Egypt with spices and you may submissives:

In this story, new people got first oriented north, possibly to change with the Arameans, and were moving southern through the Jezreel valley for the Via Maris, which will grab her or him for the Egypt. Although the story is determined about 2nd 100 years B.C.Elizabeth., anachronistic provides including camels show that it was written in the first 100 years B.C.Elizabeth.

This new solid union ranging from these eastern Arabian people in addition to liven channel is reflected regarding label the newest Bible (Gen 25:1-2) brings their eponymous mommy, Qeturah (?????), a reputation pertaining to the Hebrew keyword to possess incense, qetoret (?????).

Simply speaking, the fresh new Midianites was in fact a keen Arabian tribe in metallurgy together with spruce trading, whoever foot was a student in brand new northeast of your own Arabian Peninsula, but whose arrive at out of settlement try much large, which have pockets staying in brand new southwestern Sinai Peninsula, this new southern Transjordan, and also the Aravah (brand new wasteland an element of the southeastern Negev), most likely by the copper veins here.

The latest Shaswe-House YHWA

C.E., we understand your Midianites were not the actual only real cultural teams way of life that it this type of components. On the geographical checklist during the Amunhotep IIIs Soleb Nubian temple, people of your Aravah therefore the south Transjordan are called Shaswe (otherwise Shasu), a general identity definition something such as “nomadic tribes.”

The phrase shaswe, s?sw ( ) is written following Egyptian determinative to have “land” t? ( ), indicating that the Egyptian text is describing different geographic section populated by the various shaswe. One area indexed is called Nomad-property Seir, that’s similar to your Mount Seir part during the Edom. The second term in the number, and therefore nearby otherwise contiguous that have Seir, was Nomad-residential property Yehwa, yhw?(w) ( ). The fresh new enunciation on the name’s not sure, because the particularly Hebrew, hieroglyphics do not become vowels, however the label appears to be about title of this new Israelite deity, YHWH, whoever specific ancient pronunciation is additionally not familiar.

Good Deity and you may an area

On list, Yehwa is the label from a land. As a possible nomadic category stayed in a secure titled Seir, some other lived in a land entitled Yehwa. In antiquity, a name you will definitely really be one another an excellent toponym and you can a beneficial theonym. The name Assyria (Assur) depicts which certainly: it is the identity from Assyrias captain goddess as well as the old funding urban area. Ultimately, in addition, it turned into title of its empire. Various other example would be the Greek goddess out-of information, Athena, which began due to the fact patron goddess out-of Athens.

YHWH Arises from the newest Edomite South

Biblical evidence means that YHWH is inspired by this new the southern area of, sometimes on hills off Edom or even subsequent southern area inside Midian or past. This is particularly obvious in the about three most old biblical poems: